Plumbing is the profession of installing and maintaining pipes that carry water, gas, sewage, or other fluids. Plumbers are responsible for the installation of these pipes in homes, businesses, or other buildings. Plumbers use a variety of plumbing tools, such as pipe wrenches and beveled end pipes. These tools are used to turn taps on and off, clear clogged drains, or replace leaking pipes.
In most Western countries, plumbers have a set fee they charge for their services per hour or day. They also typically charge a flat rate for the cost of equipment and spare parts. In this way, it is relatively easy to predict how much money will need to be budgeted for plumber repairs. However, some plumbers may include additional charges if they do not stay with the job from start to finish, or if they install new equipment that requires repairs down the road. Also, many homeowners’ insurance policies cover plumbing damage, although generally with a deductible that must be paid in full by the policy holder.